What you see in the mouth is merely the top part of the tooth. Underneath the gums, embedded in the jaws are the roots of these teeth. Within the roots is a space called the root canal and within this the dental pulp is found. This is made of various fine nerves and blood vessels. Root Canal Treatment involves the widening and cleaning of this space to remove any inflamed or necrotic dental pulp tissue. The space is then sealed with a root filling.
Sometimes, the root canals are very fine or occasionally calcified or blocked, these can be difficult so an Endodontist with specialist equipment, such as an Operating Microscope, is of great help.
The structure of dentine (the bulk of any tooth) becomes weaker over time in root canal treated teeth due to changes in the collagen structure of these teeth. They may require added protection in the form of a crown which is done by your General Dentist. However, a 6-12 months observation period is suggested before that is done, to check whether the root canal treatment has been successful.
This treatment can be done over 1-2 appointments. The Endodontist will discuss this and the cost with you during your consultation appointment.